Justice means the maintenance or administration of what is just: impartial adjustment of conflicting claims: the assignment of merited rewards or punishments. Justice is to act what God ordains. While injustice is absence of justice, violation of right or of the rights of another, iniquity or unfairness. God ordains that justice be kept at all times without regard to personal interests.
GOD LOVES THE JUST
… Allah loves those who are fair (and just). (49/9)
… Allah loveth those who judge in equity. (5/42)
God commands that the judges judge in equity and fairness with impartiality so that they may be among the winners.
GOD ENJOINS JUSTICE
Allah commands justice,… (16/90)
…. when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice (4/58)
… I am commanded to judge justly between you… (42/15)
… such a man equal with one who commands Justice… (16/76)
All laws are enacted and legislated by God. They have been revealed through his prophets. It is written that believers could not do otherwise but act in justice.
A COMMUNITY THAT DISPENSES JUSTICE
Of those We have created are people who direct (others) with truth. And dispense justice therewith. (7/181)
Of the people of Moses there is a section who guide and do justice in the light of truth. (7/159)
In every nation there is a community that upholds justice and perpetuates it. The government remains in its position thanks to this institution. Among the followers of Moses was such a community. Yet, when the number of the wicked far surpassed the just the end of a nation comes. When We decide to destroy a population, We (first) send a definite order to those among them who are given the good things of this life and yet transgress; so that the word is proved true against them: then (it is) We destroy them utterly. (17/16) This verse applicable to the entire world is still in effect.
DON'T BE A SLAVE TO THE DICTATES OF YOUR IMPULSES
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even as against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily Allah is well- acquainted with all that ye do. (4/135)
O ye who believe! stand out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do. (5/8)
Regardless of the parties to a cause one is expected to bear testimony truthfully. God is nearer to the offenders than we are and will protect them if He chooses so. Justice is the source of peace in a nation. The judge should do everything in his power to pronounce his sentence in due justice. whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; (6/52)
UNLAWFUL EARNINGS AND BRIBE
And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities, nor use it as bait for the judges, with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people's property. (2/188)
O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities… (4/29)
Lawful earning must be the principal objective of the believer. Property should be acquired lawfully and in peace by the expression of mutual free wills. The Qur'an declares that unlawful income will cause the perdition of the person. Money that comes from theft, gambling, treachery or through other unlawful means is canonically considered illegitimately acquired.
Men are an covetous race; they always want more than what is necessary for him. To this end he is ready to bribe people. The worst thing is to offer an inducement to judges, says the Qur'an. A healthy community survives thanks to the smooth operation of justice.
ESTABLISH WEIGHT WITH JUSTICE
So establish weight with justice and fall not short in the balance. (55/9)
We sent aforetime our apostles with Clear Signs and sent down with them the Book and the Balance (of Right and Wrong), that men may stand forth in justice (57/25)
Weigh meticulously what you sell and don't deceive people. Honesty and justice form the basis of commercial life. The transgressors are iniquitous people who will receive their punishment in due course.