The Jews are one of the oldest communities in the world. The Israelites were a Semitic people like the Babylonians, Assyrians, Aramaeans, Canaanites, Phoenicians and Arabs referred to as Hebrews at first when they were nomads. Today they are called Israelites and Jews. They were the People of the Covenant; denoting the agreement conluded between God and the Israelites. The Israelites spoke about themselves as the Chosen People to whom the Torah was revealed. In fact, the religious history of the Jews is a history from which all nations may draw conclusions. When they lived in accordance with the Commandments, abiding by the Covenant they had concluded with God, they were rewarded and when they violated it they were punished. Jewish History has been studied under the following headings.
The period of first Prophets
The period of Moses, Joshua and Judges
The period of Kings
The split of Jewish people
The period of the Second Temple