FORGIVENESS OF SINS IN THE OLD TESTAMENT
Everyman is responsible for his own sin; Atonement by the blood of sacrifice
EVERYBODY IS RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS OWN SIN
« The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin.» (Deuteronomy 24/16)
« Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.» (Hezekiel 19/20)
There is no concept of 'original Sin' in the Old Testament. Everybody is responsible for his own acts. Why should a son who has not committed any error be held responsible for the sins that his father committed? This is against God's laws and justice. Yet, in Exodus 34/7 there is an expression that negates this idea. Assuming that there could be no contradictions in the words of God, this concept was obviously originated by man.
ATONEMENT THROUGH BLOOD
« And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. »(Leviticus 1/4)
« For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.» (Ezekiel 17/11)
According to the Old Testament, if an offense against the Law is committed unintentionally, the offender shall pay a consideration for the offense he has committed.
To realize this, a sacrifice is made; this may involve the slaughtering of a bull, ram, goat or fowl. The blood that is shed atones for the said offense.
FORGIVENESS OF SINS IN THE PSALMS